Abstract

Fish Oil for Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Panacea or Placebo?

Gastroenterol Clin North Am. 2021 Mar;50(1):169-182.doi: 10.1016/j.gtc.2020.10.010. Epub 2021 Jan 5.

Gerard E Mullin 1, Berkeley N Limketkai 2, Alyssa M Parian 3

 
     

Author information

  • 1Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 600 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA. Electronic address: Gmullin1@jhmi.edu.
  • 2Division of Digestive Diseases, UCLA School of Medicine, 100 UCLA Medical Center Plaza, Suite 345, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA.
  • 3Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 600 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA.

Abstract

Dietary supplements have increasingly gained popularity over the years not only to replete micronutrient deficiencies but for their use in treatment of disease. The popularity of dietary supplements for inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) arises from their perceived ease of use, potential disease-modifying benefits, and perceived safety. Overall, randomized controlled trials have not consistently shown a benefit of fish oil for the maintenance of remission with Crohn's disease. The inconsistency of these findings highlights the need for more studies that are powered to clarify the context in which omega-3 fatty acids might have a role in the treatment algorithm of IBD.

© Copyright 2013-2021 GI Health Foundation. All rights reserved.
This site is maintained as an educational resource for US healthcare providers only. Use of this website is governed by the GIHF terms of use and privacy statement.