Abstract

SSAT State-of-the-Art Conference: Advancements in the Microbiome

J Gastrointest Surg. 2020 Sep 28. doi: 10.1007/s11605-020-04551-4. Online ahead of print.

Miquell O Miller 1, Purna C Kashyap 2, Sarah L Becker 2, Ryan M Thomas 3, Richard A Hodin 4, George Miller 5, Mautin Hundeyin 5, Smruti Pushalkar 6, Deirdre Cohen 7, Deepak Saxena 7, Benjamin D Shogan 8, Gareth J Morris-Stiff 9

 
     

Author information

  • 1Department of General Surgery, Stanford University, 300 Pasteur Dr, Stanford, CA, 94305, USA. miquellm@stanford.edu.
  • 2Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, 55905, USA.
  • 3Departments of Surgery, Molecular Genetics and Microbiology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, 32610, USA.
  • 4Department of Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, 02114, USA.
  • 5Departments of Surgery and Cell Biology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY, 10016, USA.
  • 6Department of Medicine, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY, 10016, USA.
  • 7Department of Basic Science and Craniofacial Biology, New York University College of Dentistry, New York, NY, 10010, USA.
  • 8Department of Surgery, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, 60637, USA.
  • 9Department of General Surgery, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, 44195, USA.

Abstract

The microbiome plays a major role in human physiology by influencing obesity, inducing inflammation, and impacting cancer therapies. During the 60th Annual Meeting of the Society of the Alimentary Tract (SSAT) at the State-of-the-Art Conference, experts in the field discussed the influence of the microbiome. This paper is a summary of the influence of the microbiome on obesity, inflammatory bowel disease, pancreatic cancer, cancer therapies, and gastrointestinal optimization. This review shows how the microbiome plays an important role in the development of diseases and surgical complications. Future studies are needed in targeting the gut microbiome to develop individualized therapies.

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