Abstract

An International Multicentre Comparison of IBD Related Disability and Validation of the IBDDI

Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2020 Aug 25;S1542-3565(20)31212-X.doi: 10.1016/j.cgh.2020.08.053. Online ahead of print.

Leigh Anne Shafer 1, M Anthony Sofia 2, David T Rubin 3, A Hillary Steinhart 4, Siew C Ng 5, Liran Reches 6, Eran Israeli 7, Charles N Bernstein 8

 
     

Author information

  • 1University of Manitoba IBD Clinical and Research Centre, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada; Department of Internal Medicine, University of Manitoba, Rady Faculty of Health Sciences, Max Rady College of Medicine, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.
  • 2Inflammatory Bowel Disease Center, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR, United States.
  • 3University of Chicago Medicine, Inflammatory Bowel Disease Center, Chicago, IL, USA.
  • 4Mount Sinai Hospital IBD Centre & Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.
  • 5Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Institute of Digestive Disease, State Key Laboratory of Digestive Disease, LKS Institute of Health Science, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.
  • 6Faculty of Medicine, Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel.
  • 7Institute of Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases, E. Wolfson Medical Center, Holon, Israel; Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv Israel.
  • 8University of Manitoba IBD Clinical and Research Centre, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada; Department of Internal Medicine, University of Manitoba, Rady Faculty of Health Sciences, Max Rady College of Medicine, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. Electronic address: Charles.bernstein@umanitoba.ca.

Abstract

Background: The IBD disability index (IBDDI) has been shown to be valid and reliable. We compared the distributional and predictive properties of the IBDDI, when collected from five populations of people living with IBD- from Winnipeg, Chicago, Toronto, Hong Kong, and Jerusalem.

Methods: People with IBD from five jurisdictions were invited to complete a survey including the IBDDI, the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Scale, the Work and Social Adjustment Scale, the IBDQ, the Kessler-6 distress scale, and the Stanford presenteeism scale. Between sites, we compared the correlation between IBDDI and the other four measures of disability/quality of life/distress, and the association between IBDDI and presenteeism and having been hospitalized in the past year.

Results: There were 1,121 participants from Winnipeg, 511 from Chicago, 147 from Toronto, 97 from Hong Kong, and 96 from Jerusalem. The majority had Crohn's disease. Although the mean IBDDI score varied by site, the correlation between IBDDI and each of the other four measures of disability/QOL/distress was nearly identical. Similarly, the regression coefficient showing the association between IBDDI and presenteeism was nearly identical in all sites, and the risk ratios showing the association between hospitalization and high IBDDI was similar in all sites.

Conclusion: The correlation between IBDDI and different measures of disability/QOL/distress was similar across all sites. There is strong evidence of the association between IBD-related disability and presenteeism, and between hospitalization and high IBD-related disability, and that the associations are the same across different populations. The severity of disability that an individual with a given IBDDI score has is directly comparable across populations.

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