Abstract

The Effect of Psychotherapy on Quality of Life in IBD Patients: A Systematic Review

Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2020 Aug 1;izaa144. doi: 10.1093/ibd/izaa144. Online ahead of print.

Emma Paulides 1, Inge Boukema 2, Christien Janneke van der Woude 1, Nanne K H de Boer 3

 
     

Author information

  • 1Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Erasmus MC, the Netherlands.
  • 2Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Amsterdam University Medical Centre, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
  • 3Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, The Amsterdam Gastroenterology Endocrinology Metabolism Research Institute, Amsterdam University Medical Centre, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Abstract

Background: Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) express a need for additional psychotherapy; however, psychological support is not incorporated in the routine care of persons with IBD. This systematic review aims to assess the effect of psychotherapy on quality of life (QoL).

Methods: A systematic search was conducted on October 7, 2019, using Embase, Medline (Ovid), PubMed, Cochrane, Web of Science, PsycInfo, and Google Scholar to collect all types of clinical trials with psychotherapeutic interventions that measured QoL in patients with IBD aged ≥18 years. Quality of evidence was systematically assessed using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation criteria.

Results: Out of 2560 articles, 31 studies (32 articles) were included with a total number of 2397 patients with active and inactive IBD. Of the 31 eligible studies, 11 reported a significant positive effect and 6 had ambiguous results regarding the impact of psychotherapeutic interventions on QoL. Treatment modalities differed in the reported studies and consisted of cognitive-behavioral therapy, psychodynamic therapy, acceptance and commitment therapy, stress management programs, mindfulness, hypnosis, or solution-focused therapy. All 4 studies focusing on patients with active disease reported a positive effect of psychotherapy. Trials applying cognitive-behavioral therapy reported the most consistent positive results.

Conclusions: Psychotherapeutic interventions can improve QoL in patients with IBD. More high-quality research is needed before psychological therapy may be implemented in daily IBD practice and to evaluate whether early psychological intervention after diagnosis will result in better coping strategies and QoL throughout life.

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