- Fecal Incontinence
|Responsiveness of the Patient-reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) Pediatric Measures to Changes in Disease Status and Quality of Life Among Children and Adolescents With Crohn's Disease
Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2020 May 21;izaa083. doi: 10.1093/ibd/izaa083. Online ahead of print.
Erica J Brenner 1, Millie D Long 1, Courtney M Mann 2, Wenli Chen 1, Camila Reyes 2, Li Lin 2, Bryce B Reeve 2, Michael D Kappelman 1
1University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA.
2Duke University Population Health Sciences, Durham, North Carolina, USA.
Background: PROMIS Pediatric domains provide self-reported measures of physical, emotional, and social health in children with chronic conditions. We evaluated the responsiveness of the PROMIS Pediatric measures to changes in disease activity and disease-specific, health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in children with Crohn's disease (CD).
Methods: IBD Partners Kids & Teens is an internet-based cohort of children with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Participants age 9 to 17 report symptoms related to disease activity (short Crohn's Disease Activity Index [sCDAI]), the IMPACT-III HRQOL measure, and 5 PROMIS Pediatric domains. We conducted longitudinal analyses using mixed linear models to examine the extent to which PROMIS Pediatric measures respond to changes in sCDAI and IMPACT-III.
Results: Our study sample included 544 participants with CD (mean age 13 years, 44% female). All PROMIS Pediatric domains responded to changes in sCDAI, indicating improved physical, emotional, and social health, corresponding to improved disease activity and the converse (P < 0.001). Observed effect estimates ranged from 1.8 for peer relationships to 6.8 for fatigue. Of 246 participants with 2 or more completed reports, disease activity was stable in 527, worse in 72, and improved in 67. Changes in PROMIS Pediatric scores were associated with changes in IMPACT-III (r = -0.43 for anxiety, r = -0.45 for depressive symptoms, r = -0.43 for pain interference, r = -0.59 for fatigue, and r = 0.23 for peer relationships).
Conclusions: This study provides evidence for the longitudinal responsiveness of the PROMIS Pediatric measures to change in disease status and HRQOL in pediatric CD patients.