- Fecal Incontinence
|Plecanatide for the treatment of constipation-predominant irritable bowel syndrome
Miner PB1. Expert Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2020 Feb;14(2):71-84. doi: 10.1080/17474124.2020.1722101. Epub 2020 Feb 5.
1 Oklahoma Foundation for Digestive Research, Oklahoma City, OK, USA.
Introduction: As an analogue of uroguanylin plecanatide binds to the Guanylate Cyclase-C receptor activating fluid and ion secretion in the small intestine with the same pH-dependent binding kinetics as the natural ligand. Plecanatide has been FDA approved as safe and effective for the indications of Chronic Idiopathic Constipation (CIC) and Irritable Bowel Syndrome with Constipation (IBS-C).Areas covered: All clinical trial results supporting approval of plecanatide in IBS-C are reported, evaluated and interpreted in the context of the complex pathophysiology of functional diseases and the barriers that must be overcome for appropriate protocol design and conduct.Expert opinion: The Expert Opinion section discusses safety and efficacy of plecanatide for IBS-C. Broader consideration of some of the inherent challenges in understanding and treating functional gastrointestinal disorders includes: 1. the difficulty of understanding diseases with complex pathophysiology that clinically present with a few simple symptoms, 2. exploring the pathophysiology of functional diseases using pharmacophysiology, 3. value of 'Set Theory' in the evaluation of complex clinical data and 4. physiologic and pathophysiologic insight gained by evaluation 'physiologic redundancy' and 'conservation of function'.