Abstract

The Emerging Role of Noncoding RNAs in Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Jabandziev P1,2, Bohosova J2, Pinkasova T1, Kunovsky L3,4, Slaby O2, Goel A5. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2020 Feb 3. pii: izaa009. doi: 10.1093/ibd/izaa009. [Epub ahead of print]

 
     

Author information

Department of Pediatrics, University Hospital Brno, Faculty of Medicine, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic.

Central European Institute of Technology, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic.

Department of Gastroenterology and Internal Medicine, University Hospital Brno, Faculty of Medicine, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic.

Department of Surgery, University Hospital Brno, Faculty of Medicine, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic.

Department of Molecular Diagnostics and Experimental Therapeutics, Beckman Research Institute of City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center, Duarte, California, USA.

Abstract

Prevalence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), a chronic inflammatory disorder of the gut, has been on the rise in recent years-not only in the adult population but also especially in pediatric patients. Despite the absence of curative treatments, current therapeutic options are able to achieve long-term remission in a significant proportion of cases. To this end, however, there is a need for biomarkers enabling accurate diagnosis, prognosis, and prediction of response to therapies to facilitate a more individualized approach to pediatric IBD patients. In recent years, evidence has continued to evolve concerning noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs) and their roles as integral factors in key immune-related cellular pathways. Specific deregulation patterns of ncRNAs have been linked to pathogenesis of various diseases, including pediatric IBD. In this article, we provide an overview of current knowledge on ncRNAs, their altered expression profiles in pediatric IBD patients, and how these are emerging as potentially valuable clinical biomarkers as we enter an era of personalized medicine.

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