Abstract

Prevalence and Risk Factors of Substance Use Disorder in Inflammatory BowelDisease

Carney H1, Marrie RA2,3, Bolton JM3,4, Patten SB5, Graff LA6, Bernstein CN2, Kowalec K1,7. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2020 Feb 6. pii: izaa014. doi: 10.1093/ibd/izaa014. [Epub ahead of print]

 
     

Author information

College of Pharmacy, Rady Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Manitoba, Canada.

Department of Internal Medicine, Max Rady College of Medicine, Rady Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Manitoba, Canada.

Department of Community Health Sciences, Max Rady College of Medicine, Rady Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Manitoba, Canada.

Department of Psychiatry, Max Rady College of Medicine, Rady Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Manitoba, Canada.

Department of Community Health Sciences, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada.

Department of Clinical Health Psychology, Max Rady College of Medicine, Rady Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Manitoba, Canada.

Department of Medical Epidemiology & Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Solna, Sweden.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Substance use disorders (SUDs) impose a substantial individual and societal burden; however, the prevalence and associated factors in persons with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are largely unknown. We evaluated the prevalence and risk factors of SUD in an IBD cohort.

METHODS: Inflammatory bowel disease participants (n = 247) were recruited via hospital- and community-based gastroenterology clinics, a population-based IBD research registry, and primary care providers as part of a larger cohort study of psychiatric comorbidity in immune-mediated inflammatory diseases. The Structured Clinical Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders IV was administered to participants to identify lifetime SUD, anxiety disorder, and major depressive disorder. Additional questionnaires regarding participants' sociodemographic and clinical characteristics were also completed. We examined demographic and clinical factors associated with lifetime SUD using unadjusted and adjusted logistic regression modeling.

RESULTS: Forty-one (16.6%) IBD participants met the criteria for a lifetime diagnosis of an SUD. Factors associated with elevated odds of SUD were ever smoking (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 2.96; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.17-7.50), male sex (aOR, 2.44; 95% CI, 1.11-5.36), lifetime anxiety disorder (aOR, 2.41; 95% CI, 1.08-5.37), and higher pain impact (aOR, 1.08; 95% CI, 1.01-1.16).

CONCLUSIONS: One in six persons with IBD experienced an SUD, suggesting that clinicians should maintain high index of suspicion regarding possible SUD, and inquiries about substance use should be a part of care for IBD patients, particularly for men, smokers, and patients with anxiety disorders and pain.

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