- Fecal Incontinence
|Systematic review with meta-analysis: association between vedolizumab trough concentration and clinical outcomes in patients with inflammatory bowel diseases
Singh S1,2, Dulai PS1, Vande Casteele N1, Battat R1, Fumery M3, Boland BS1, Sandborn WJ1. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2019 Sep 4. doi: 10.1111/apt.15484. [Epub ahead of print]
1 Division of Gastroenterology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California.
2 Division of Biomedical Informatics, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California.
3 Gastroenterology Unit, Amiens University and Hospital, Université de Picardie Jules Verne, Amiens, France.
BACKGROUND: There has been limited evaluation of the association between vedolizumab trough concentration and clinical outcomes in patients with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD).
AIM: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the potential role of therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) for vedolizumab.
METHODS: Through a systematic literature search through 28 February 2019, we identified five cohort studies (558 patients, 42% with ulcerative colitis) reporting the association between vedolizumab trough concentration and clinical outcomes in patients with IBD. We calculated mean difference (MD) in vedolizumab trough concentration in patients achieving vs not achieving clinical outcomes, and qualitatively synthesized thresholds associated with favourable outcomes.
RESULTS: In patients with UC, median vedolizumab trough concentrations were consistently higher in patients achieving clinical remission (median, 14.3 μg/mL vs 10.5 μg/mL; MD, 5.1 μg/mL, 95% CI, 2.8-7.4) or endoscopic remission (median, 13.0 μg/mL vs 9.7; MD, 5.1 μg/mL, 95% CI, 2.2-7.9). In patients with CD, there was no significant difference in median vedolizumab trough concentrations in patients achieving vs not achieving clinical remission (MD, 2.0 μg/mL; 95% CI, -0.5 to 4.5) or endoscopic remission (MD, 3.6 μg/mL; 95% CI, -1.4 to 8.6). In patients with UC, week 6 vedolizumab trough concentrations ≥18.5-20.8 μg/mL, and maintenance trough concentrations ≥9.0-12.6 μg/mL were associated with favourable clinical outcomes. Antibodies to vedolizumab were reported in 1.7%-3.0% patients on maintenance therapy.
CONCLUSION: Based on meta-analysis, patients with UC who achieve endoscopic and clinical remission have significantly higher vedolizumab trough concentration during maintenance therapy. Vedolizumab trough concentration >20 μg/mL at week 6, and >12 μg/mL during maintenance may be associated with better outcomes, though cause-effect relationship remains unclear. Prospective studies on reactive and proactive therapeutic drug monitoring of vedolizumab (vs empiric dose escalation) are warranted.