- Fecal Incontinence
|Thoracic Manifestations of Ankylosing Spondylitis, Inflammatory Bowel Disease, and Relapsing Polychondritis
Danve A1. Clin Chest Med. 2019 Sep;40(3):599-608. doi: 10.1016/j.ccm.2019.05.006. Epub 2019 Jul 6.
1 Section of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine, Yale School of Medicine, 300 Cedar Street, TACS-525, New Haven, CT 06520-8031, USA. Electronic address: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Ankylosing spondylitis, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and relapsing polychondritis are immune-mediated inflammatorydiseases with variable involvement of lungs, heart and the chest wall. Ankylosing spondylitis is associated with anterior chest wall pain, restrictive lung disease, obstructive sleep apnea, apical fibrosis, spontaneous pneumothorax, abnormalities of cardiac valves and conduction system, and aortitis. Patients with IBD can develop necrobiotic lung nodules that can be misdiagnosed as malignancy or infection. Relapsing polychondritis involves large airways in at least half of the patients. Relapsing polychondritis can mimic asthma in some patients. Medications used to treat these inflammatory conditions can cause pulmonary complications such as infections, pneumonitis, and rarely serositis.