Abstract

Management of Iron Deficiency Anaemia in Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Jimenez KM1, Gasche C2. Acta Haematol. 2019 Apr 10;142(1):30-36. doi: 10.1159/000496728. [Epub ahead of print]

 
     

Author information

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Internal Medicine III, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Internal Medicine III, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria, christoph.gasche@meduniwien.ac.at.

Abstract

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a group of chronic relapsing inflammatory disorders affecting the large and small intestine, with a rising worldwide incidence and prevalence. Anaemia is the most common extraintestinal manifestation of IBD, correlating with disease activity, and tending to relapse even after successful therapy. Iron deficiency is the most common cause; however, it often manifests in combination with anaemia of inflammation. As such, multiple parameters are used for the diagnosis of iron deficiency anaemia in IBD. Timely recognition and selection of appropriate therapy leads to an improvement in the quality of life and prevention of potential sequelae. Oral iron can be effective under specific circumstances; however, as luminal iron changes microbiota and bacterial metabolism, oral administration should be avoided. Intravenous iron is preferred as it bypasses the sites of inflammation. Nevertheless, the optimization of IBD treatment should occur simultaneously, as this improves both patient condition and response to iron therapy. Herein, we discuss the screening, diagnosis, selection of therapy, and follow-up for iron deficiency anaemia in IBD.

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