- Fecal Incontinence
|Impact of Extra-Intestinal Manifestations at Diagnosis on Disease Outcome in Pediatric- and Elderly-Onset Crohn's Disease: A French Population-Based Study
Duricova D1,2, Sarter H1,3, Savoye G4, Leroyer A1, Pariente B5, Armengol-Debeir L4, Bouguen G6, Ley D3,7, Turck D3,7, Templier C8, Buche S8, Peyrin-Biroulet L9, Gower-Rousseau C1,3, Fumery M3,10; Epimad Group. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2018 Aug 1. doi: 10.1093/ibd/izy254. [Epub ahead of print]
1 Public Health, Epidemiology and Economic Health, Register Epimad, Maison Régionale de la Recherche Clinique, Lille University and Hospital, Lille, France.
2 IBD clinical and research centre, ISCARE, Prague, Czech Republic.
3 Lille Inflammation Research International Centre LIRIC - UMR 995 Inserm Lille 2 University, CHRU de Lille, Lille, France.
4 Gastroenterology Unit, Epimad Registry, Hôpital Charles Nicolle, Rouen University Hospital, Rouen, France.
5 Gastroenterology Unit, Hôpital Huriez, Lille University Hospital, Lille, France.
6 Gastroenterology Unit, Rennes University Hospital, Rennes, France.
7 Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Department of Pediatrics, Lille University Jeanne de Flandre Children's Hospital, University of Lille, Lille, France.
8 Dermatology Unit, Hôpital Huriez, Lille University Hospital, Lille, France.
9 Gastroenterology Unit, Inserm U954, Nancy University and Hospital, Nancy, France.
10 Gastroenterology Unit, Epimad Registry, CHU Amiens Sud, l, Amiens University Hospital, Amiens, France.
Extraintestinal manifestations (EIM) have been associated with more severe course of inflammatory bowel disease. The aim was to study the frequency of EIM in pediatric- and elderly-onset Crohn's disease (CD) and the factors associated with EIM and their impact on long-term disease outcome.
METHODS: Pediatric- (age at diagnosis younger than 17 years) and elderly-onset CD patients (age at diagnosis 60 years or older) from a prospective population-based registry (EPIMAD) were recruited. Data on EIM and clinical factors at diagnosis and at maximal follow-up were collected.
RESULTS: We included 535 pediatric- and 370 elderly-onset patients (median age 14.5 and 69.9 years; median follow-up 11.1 and 5.9 years). Extraintestinal manifestations presented in 23.5% of childhood-onset and 4.9% of elderly-onset individuals at diagnosis, while in 29.8% and 5.9% of patients, EIM developed newly during the follow-up (hazard ration [HR] 4.4, 95% CI, 2.7-7.0, P < 0.001). The most frequently involved organ in both age cohorts, either at diagnosis or during disease course, were joints (pediatric: 11.2% and 22.6%; elderly: 3.2% and 3.5%, respectively) followed by skin (pediatric: 15.9% and 13.6%; elderly: 2.7% and 2.7%, respectively). Extraintestinal manifestations at diagnosis were associated with increased risk for corticosteroids (HR 1.42, 95% CI, 1.14-1.78 and HR 3.38, 95% CI, 1.88-6.08) and immunosuppressive therapy (HR 1.30, 95% CI, 1.02-1.65 and HR 4.24, 95% CI, 1.91-9.42), in both age populations.
CONCLUSIONS: Extraintestinal manifestations occurred at lower frequency in elderly-onset compared with pediatric-onset patients. In both age populations, presence of EIM at diagnosis independently increased the need for corticosteroid and immunosuppressive treatment.