- Fecal Incontinence
|Filgotinib for the treatment of Crohn's disease
Labetoulle R1, Paul S1, Roblin X2. Expert Opin Investig Drugs. 2018 Mar;27(3):295-300. doi: 10.1080/13543784.2018.1442433. Epub 2018 Feb 28.
1 a Department of Immunology , CIC 1408, GIMAP EA3064 University Hospital of Saint Etienne , Saint-Etienne , France.
2 b Department of Gastroenterology , University Hospital of Saint Etienne , Saint-Etienne , France.
Inflammatory bowel diseases, such as Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), are widespread diseases (with an estimated 2.2 million Europeans affected), and even populations previously considered 'low risk' (such as Japan and India) are witnessing an increasing incidence. CD is a chronic, progressive immunologically driven disease, with an evolution characterized by succession of periods of progression and remission. New physiopathological pathways are continuously being discovered, the more we understand about how the disease appears and progresses, the more targets become available for the development of novel therapies. Areas covered: Filgotinib is one of these promising new therapies; this article discusses the currently available data. We used an exhaustive search of the PubMed database to corroborate information regarding its chemical characteristics, and the studies evaluating clinical efficacy and safety. Expert opinion: Up to now, the phase-II study evaluating Filgotinib yielded very promising results in moderate to severe CD patients, with good clinical response, mucosal healing, while having few and moderate adverse effects, both in anti-TNF naïve and resistant patients. Phase-III studies are still ongoing and will help decide whether Filgotinib will be a worthwhile drug in the treatment of CD and the best way to use it.