Department of Behavioral Sciences, Rush University Medical Center, 1645 West Jackson, Suite 400, Chicago, IL 60612, USA. Electronic address: Megan_Hood@rush.edu.
Division of Digestive Diseases and Nutrition, Department of Internal Medicine, Rush University Medical Center, 1725 West Harrison Street, Suite 207, Chicago, IL 60612, USA.
Mindfulness-based interventions may be beneficial psychosocial treatments for improving the health and well-being of patients with inflammatory bowel disease. This article reviews eight studies, assessing seven psychosocial interventions, which include mindfulness and/or meditation components. Strongest effects of the interventions were found in quality of life and anxiety/depression, with inconsistent or minimal changes in other psychosocial areas, such as perceived stress and in disease-related outcomes and other physiologic functioning. Mindfulness interventions for patients with inflammatory bowel disease may be a supplemental treatment option to improve quality of life and distress in this population, although results are preliminary and interventions require additional testing.