Serology of Patients with Ulcerative Colitis After Pouch Surgery Is More Comparable with that of Patients with Crohn's Disease

Goren I1, Yahav L, Tulchinsky H, Dotan I. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2015 Jul 20. [Epub ahead of print]
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1*Comprehensive Pouch Clinic, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel; †IBD Center, Department of Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel; and ‡Proctology Unit, Department of Surgery, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel.


BACKGROUND: The serologic status of patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) who develop postoperative pouchitis was compared with that of patients with Crohn's disease (CD) and unoperated patients with UC.

METHODS: Pouch patients were stratified into normal pouch, acute/recurrent acute pouchitis, and chronic pouchitis/Crohn's-like disease of the pouch groups. Antibodies against glycans associated with CD (anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae, anti-laminaribioside, anti-chitobioside, and anti-mannobioside carbohydrate antibodies [ASCA, ALCA, ACCA, and AMCA, respectively]) were detected and correlated with type of inflammatory bowel disease and pouch behavior.

RESULTS: A total of 501 patients with inflammatory bowel diseases were recruited: 250 (50%) CD, 124 (24.7%) unoperated UC, and 127 (25.3%) UC-pouch. At least 1 positive antibody was detected in 77.6% CD, 52.0% UC-pouch and 33.1% unoperated UC (P < 0.0001 for all). ACCA and AMCA prevalence in CD, UC-pouch and unoperated patients with UC were 33.2%, 24.4%, and 16.9% (P = 0.003 for all) and 35.2%, 26.8%, and 7.3%, respectively (P < 0.0001 for all). ALCA and ASCA were more prevalent in patients with CD than unoperated UC and UC-pouch patients. A longer interval since pouch surgery was associated with inflammatory pouch behavior: 12.45, 11.39, and 8.5 years for acute/recurrent acute pouchitis, chronic pouchitis/Crohn's-like disease of the pouch, and normal pouch, respectively, P = 0.01 for all.

CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of the CD-associated anti-glycan antibodies ACCA and AMCA is significantly increased in UC-pouch patients, suggesting that pouch surgery may trigger differential immune responses to glycans. The finding that the serology of UC-pouch patients shares similarities with that of patients with CD supports the notion that those 2 inflammatory bowel diseases share a common pathogenic pathway.

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