Extent of Early Clinical Response to Infliximab Predicts Long-term Treatment Success in Active Ulcerative Colitis

Murthy SK1, Greenberg GR, Croitoru K, Nguyen GC, Silverberg MS, Steinhart AH. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2015 Jun 19. [Epub ahead of print]
Author information

1*The Ottawa Hospital IBD Centre, Department of Medicine, University of Ottawa and Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Ottawa, ON, Canada; and †Mount Sinai Hospital IBD Centre, Department of Medicine, University of Toronto and Lunenfeld-Tanenbaum Research Institute, Toronto, ON, Canada.


BACKGROUND: The long-term effectiveness of infliximab (IFX) in ulcerative colitis (UC) and predictors of treatment response remain poorly characterized.

METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted in 213 consecutive patients with active steroid-refractory or steroid-dependent UC treated with induction and scheduled maintenance IFX at an inflammatory bowel disease referral center. Outcomes included annual steroid-free remission (SFR), IFX failure with discontinuation, colectomy, and serious adverse events.

RESULTS: The 1- and 5-year cumulative probabilities for SFR were 39% and 14%, for IFX failure were 31.7% and 55.6%, and for colectomy were 19.2% and 37.4%, respectively. A sensitivity analysis considering the last clinical observation in patients with incomplete follow-up demonstrated a long-term SFR rate of 36%. Among responders to IFX induction therapy, achieving clinical remission before maintenance IFX therapy predicted SFR at 1 year (adjusted odds ratio = 4.50; 95% CI, 1.75-11.53), whereas the need for IFX dose intensification during the first year of therapy predicted a lower odds of SFR at 1 year (adjusted odds ratio = 0.28; 95% CI, 0.11-0.67) and a greater hazard of IFX failure beyond 1 year (adjusted hazard ratio = 2.57; 95% CI, 1.14-5.81). Older age and shorter UC duration at IFX initiation predicted poorer long-term outcomes.

CONCLUSIONS: In patients with moderate-to-severe UC treated with scheduled IFX at an inflammatory bowel disease center, close to half of the patients are still on IFX at 5 years, although a smaller proportion of patients achieve long-term SFR. The magnitude and stability of early response to IFX is associated with long-term therapeutic benefit to this agent.

© Copyright 2013-2024 GI Health Foundation. All rights reserved.
This site is maintained as an educational resource for US healthcare providers only. Use of this website is governed by the GIHF terms of use and privacy statement.