A comparison of Malone appendicostomy and cecostomy for antegrade access as adjuncts to a bowel management program for patients with functional constipation or fecal incontinence

Halleran DR1, Vilanova-Sanchez A2, Rentea RM2, Vriesman MH2, Maloof T2, Lu PL2, Onwuka A3, Weaver L2, Vaz KK2, Yacob D2, Di Lorenzo C2, Levitt MA2, Wood RJ2. J Pediatr Surg. 2018 Oct 5. pii: S0022-3468(18)30626-2. doi: 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2018.10.008. [Epub ahead of print]

Author information

1 Center for Colorectal and Pelvic Reconstruction, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, OH. Electronic address: devin.halleran@nationwidechildrens.org.

2 Center for Colorectal and Pelvic Reconstruction, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, OH.

3 Center for Surgical Outcomes Research, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, OH.


BACKGROUND: Appendicostomy and cecostomy are two approaches for antegrade enema access for children with severe constipation or fecal incontinence as adjuncts to a mechanical bowel management program. Each technique is associated with a unique set of complications. The purpose of our study was to report the rates of various complications associated with antegrade enema access techniques to help guide which option a clinician offers to their patients.

METHODS: We reviewed all patients in our Center who received an appendicostomy or cecostomy from 2014 to 2017 who were participants in our bowel management program.

RESULTS: 204 patients underwent an antegrade access procedure (150 appendicostomies and 54 cecostomies). Skin-level leakage (3% vs. 22%) and wound infections (7% vs. 28%) occurred less frequently in patients with appendicostomy compared to cecostomy. Nineteen (13%) appendicostomies required revision for stenosis, 4 (3%) for mucosal prolapse, and 1 (1%) for leakage. The rates of stenosis (33 vs. 12%) and wound infection (13 vs. 6%) were higher in patients who received a neoappendicostomy compared to an in situ appendicostomy. Intervention was needed in 19 (35%) cecostomy patients, 15 (28%) for an inability to flush or a dislodged tube, and 5 for major complications including intraperitoneal spillage in 4 (7%) and 1 (2%) for a tube misplaced in the ileum, all occurring in patients with a percutaneously placed cecostomy. One appendicostomy (1%) patient required laparoscopic revision after the appendicostomy detached from the skin.

CONCLUSION: Patients had a lower rate of minor and major complications after appendicostomy compared to cecostomy. The unique complication profile of each technique should be considered for patients needing these procedures as an adjunct to their care for constipation or fecal incontinence.

TYPE OF STUDY: Retrospective comparative study.


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