- Fecal Incontinence
|Web-Based Video Education to Improve Uptake of Influenza Vaccination and Other Preventive Health Recommendations in Adults With Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Randomized Controlled Trial of Project PREVENT
J Med Internet Res. 2023 Aug 23:25:e42921.doi: 10.2196/42921.
Millie D Long 1, Welmoed K van Deen 2, Laura Weisbein 1, Carine Khalil 3, Keren L Appel 4, Xian Zhang 1, Wenli Chen 1, Lori Zubrod 5, Robbie Maris 5, Afsoon Ghafari 4, Taylor Dupuy 3, Christina Y Ha 4, Brennan M R Spiegel 3, Christopher V Almario 3, Gil Y Melmed 4
1Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, University of Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, United States.
2Erasmus School of Health Policy and Management, Health Technology Assessment Section, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Rotterdam, Netherlands.
3Division of Health Services Research, Cedars-Sinai, Los Angeles, CA, United States.
4F. Widjaja Foundation Inflammatory Bowel and Immunobiology Research Institute, Karsh Division of Digestive and Liver Diseases, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA, United States.
5IBD Partners Patient Powered Research Network, Washington, DC, United States.
Background: Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are at increased risk of infections, bone fractures, and skin cancers.
Objective: We developed preventive health videos using a patient-centered approach and tested their impact on preventive health uptake.
Methods: Five animated videos explaining preventive health recommendations in IBD were iteratively developed with patient-centered focus groups and interviews. A randomized controlled trial was then conducted in a web-based IBD cohort to test the impact of video- versus text-based educational interventions. The primary outcome was receipt of the influenza vaccine. Secondary outcomes included intention to receive other preventive health services.
Results: Five animated videos were developed with patient input. A total of 1056 patients with IBD were then randomized to receive the video (n=511) or text-only (n=545) interventions; 55% (281/511) of the video group and 57% (311/545) of the text-only group had received their influenza vaccine in the prior year. Immediately after the intervention, 73% (502/683) of patients reported their intention to receive the vaccine, with no difference by the type of intervention (75%, 231/307, for the video group and 72%, 271/376, for the text-only group). The proportion of patients who actually received the influenza vaccine after the intervention also did not differ by messaging type (P=.07). The strongest predictor of both intention to receive and actual receipt of the influenza vaccine was prior influenza vaccination. Older age was also associated with a higher likelihood of the intention to receive (age 36-75 years relative to 18-35 years; P=.006) and actual receipt (age >75 years relative to 18-35 years; P=.05) of the influenza vaccine.
Conclusions: The proportion of patients receiving the influenza vaccine was high in both groups, but there was no difference in receipt of or in the intention to receive preventive health recommendations by type of messaging. Notably, a portion of patients in both groups had intended to be vaccinated but did not ultimately receive the vaccine. Further evaluation of patient-education strategies is warranted to improve preventive health uptake among patients with IBD.
Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT05997537; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT05997537.