- Fecal Incontinence
|Interventional inflammatory bowel disease: endoscopic therapy of complications of Crohn's disease
Gastroenterol Rep (Oxf). 2022 Sep 14;10:goac045. doi: 10.1093/gastro/goac045.eCollection 2022.
1Center for Inflammatory Bowel Disease, Columbia University Irving Medical Center/New York-Presbyterian Hospital, New York, NY, USA.
Endoscopic therapy for inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) or IBD surgery-associated complications or namely interventional IBD has become the main treatment modality for Crohn's disease, bridging medical and surgical treatments. Currently, the main applications of interventional IBD are (i) strictures; (ii) fistulas and abscesses; (iii) bleeding lesions, bezoars, foreign bodies, and polyps; (iv) post-operative complications such as acute and chronic anastomotic leaks; and (v) colitis-associated neoplasia. The endoscopic treatment modalities include balloon dilation, stricturotomy, strictureplasty, fistulotomy, incision and drainage (of fistula and abscess), sinusotomy, septectomy, banding ligation, clipping, polypectomy, endoscopic mucosal resection, and endoscopic submucosal dissection. The field of interventional IBD is evolving with a better understanding of the underlying disease process, advances in endoscopic technology, and interest and proper training of next-generation IBD interventionalists.