- Fecal Incontinence
|Endoscopic Treatment of Postoperative Bleeding, Bezoars, and Foreign Bodies
Gastrointest Endosc Clin N Am. 2022 Oct;32(4):829-843.doi: 10.1016/j.giec.2022.05.008. Epub 2022 Sep 7.
1Department of Medicine, Columbia University Irving Medical Center-New York Presbyterian Hospital, 622 W 168th St, New York, NY 10032, USA. Electronic address: Am5106@cumc.columbia.edu.
2Center for Inflammatory Bowel Disease, Columbia University Irving Medical Center-NewYork Presbyterian Hospital, 161 Fort Washington Avenue, 8th Floor, New York, NY 10032, USA.a
Altered gastrointestinal anatomy is common in patients with inflammatory bowel disease, particularly in those who underwent bowel surgery. Commonly performed surgeries are bowel resection and anastomosis and strictureplasty for Crohn's disease; and restorative proctocolectomy with ileal pouch-anal anastomosis for ulcerative colitis. The area of anastomosis and suture line is at the greatest risk for the development of postoperative bleeding. Altered bowel anatomy, especially the presence of strictures, strictureplasty, or structural or functional pouch outlet obstruction, puts these patients at risk for bezoar formation and foreign body retention, including video endoscopy capsule. This article will focus on postoperative bleeding, bezoar formation, and video capsule retention in patients with inflammatory bowel disease. Endoscopic management of these conditions is useful and is becoming an increasingly popular alternative to surgery.