- Fecal Incontinence
|Colonic mucosal microbiota is associated with bowel habit subtype and abdominal pain in patients with irritable bowel syndrome
Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2022 Aug 1;323(2):G134-G143.doi: 10.1152/ajpgi.00352.2021. Epub 2022 Jun 21.
1David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, California.
2G. Oppenheimer Center for Neurobiology of Stress and Resilience, Vatche and Tamar Manoukian Division of Digestive Diseases, University of California, Los Angeles, California.
3Vatche and Tamar Manoukian Division of Digestive Diseases, University of California, Los Angeles, California.
4Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Parenteral Nutrition, Veterans Administration Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System, Los Angeles, California.
Mucosal microbiota differ significantly from fecal microbiota and may play a different role in the pathophysiology of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). The aims of this study were to determine if the composition of mucosal microbiota differed between IBS, or IBS bowel habit (BH) subtypes, and healthy controls (HCs). Sigmoid colon mucosal biopsies were obtained from 97 Rome-positive patients with IBS (28% IBS-constipation, 38% IBS-diarrhea, 24% IBS-mixed, and 10% IBS-unsubtyped) and 54 HCs, from which DNA was extracted. 16S rRNA gene sequencing and microbial composition analysis were performed. Group differences in α and β diversity and taxonomic level differences were determined using linear regression while controlling for confounding variables. IBS BH subtype was associated with microbial α diversity (P = 0.0003) with significant differences seen in the mucosal microbiota of IBS-constipation versus IBS-diarrhea (P = 0.046). There were no significant differences in α or β diversity in the mucosal microbiota of IBS versus HCs (P = 0.29 and 0.93, respectively), but metagenomic profiling suggested functional differences. The relative abundance of Prevotella_9 copri within IBS was significantly correlated with increased abdominal pain (r = 0.36, P = 0.0003), which has not been previously reported in IBS. Significant differences in the mucosal microbiota were present within IBS BH subtypes but not between IBS and HCs, supporting the possibility of IBS BH subtype-specific pathogenesis. Increased Prevotella copri may contribute to symptoms in patients with IBS.NEW & NOTEWORTHYGut mucosal microbiota differs significantly from fecal microbiota in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and may play a different role in its pathophysiology. Investigation of colonic mucosal microbiota in the largest cohort of patients with IBS and healthy controls accounting for confounding variables, including diet demonstrated significant differences in mucosal microbiota between IBS bowel habit subtypes but not between IBS and healthy controls. In addition, the study reported gut microbiota is associated with abdominal pain in patients with IBS.