- Fecal Incontinence
|Can an online expressive writing program support people with inflammatory bowel disease? A feasibility randomised controlled trial
Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2022 Aug;48:101616.doi: 10.1016/j.ctcp.2022.101616. Epub 2022 Jun 9.
David Skvarc 1, Subhadra Evans 1, Suiyin Cheah 1, Madeleine Cranney 1, Bonnie German 1, Rebecca Orr 2, Catherine Emerson 1, Lisa Olive 2, Lauren Beswick 3, Wayne Massuger 4, Leanne Raven 4, Antonina Mikocka-Walus 5
1School of Psychology, Deakin University, Melbourne, Australia.
2School of Psychology, Deakin University, Melbourne, Australia; iMPACT, School of Medicine, Deakin University, Geelong, Australia.
3Department of Gastroenterology, Barwon Health, Geelong, Australia.
4Crohn's & Colitis Australia, Melbourne, Australia.
5School of Psychology, Deakin University, Melbourne, Australia. Electronic address: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Background: We explored feasibility, acceptability and preliminary efficacy of an online writing intervention (WriteforIBD) against an active control condition for distress in people with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) at the time of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Methods: A feasibility RCT was conducted in 19 adults (89.5% female, aged 20-69 years) with IBD and mild-moderate distress. Participants allocated to the WriteForIBD group completed a 4-day 30-min writing program adapted for IBD. The active control group wrote about trivial topics provided by researchers. Feasibility was established based on the recruitment and retention while acceptability based on completion rates and a numeric rating scale. All participants completed measures of mental health and disease activity before and after the intervention (one week) and at follow-up three months after the study commencement.
Results: The retention rate in the study was high (100% WriteForIBD; 82% control). All participants attended every session. 84.2% of participants were satisfied with the intervention. All participants reported a significant improvement in IBD-Control immediately after the intervention; F (2, 33.7) = 7.641, p = .002. A significant interaction of group*time for resilience was noted, R2 = 0.19, p < .001, with the active control group reporting a significant decline in resilience from the first follow-up to three months while no significant change in resilience for the WriteForIBD group was recorded.
Conclusions: Online expressive writing is potentially feasible and highly acceptable to people with IBD who report distress. Future large-scale trials should explore the intervention that is adapted from this feasibility study.
Registration: ID: ACTRN12620000448943p.