Abstract

End of Induction Patient-reported Outcomes Predict Clinical Remission but Not Endoscopic Remission in Crohn's Disease

J Crohns Colitis. 2021 Jul 5;15(7):1114-1119. doi: 10.1093/ecco-jcc/jjaa242.

Emily C L Wong 1Elisa Buffone 2So Jeong Lee 1, Parambir S Dulai 3John K Marshall 1Walter Reinisch 4Neeraj Narula 1

 
     

Author information

  • 1Department of Medicine [Division of Gastroenterology] and Farncombe Family Digestive Health Research Institute, McMaster University, Hamilton ON, Canada.
  • 2Department of Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada.
  • 3Division of Gastroenterology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA.
  • 4Department of Internal Medicine III, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

Abstract

Background and aims: It is unclear whether early symptom improvement in Crohn's disease [CD] provides any prognostic information for patients long-term. This paper aims to investigate the relationship between early patient-reported outcomes [PROs] after completion of induction of infliximab, and their relationship with long-term clinical remission [CR] and endoscopic remission [ER].

Methods: This post-hoc analysis [Clinicaltrials.gov: NCT02096861] used data from 220 CD patients to evaluate the relationship of Weeks 6 and 14 PRO variables and Week 54 clinical remission (Crohn's Disease Activity Index [CDAI <150), PRO2 remission (mean score abdominal pain [AP] ≤1 and stool frequency [SF] ≤1.5), and endoscopic remission (Simple Endoscopic Score-CD [SES-CD <3). Multivariable logistic regression models adjusted for confounders were used to assess the relationships between post-induction PROs and outcomes of interest.

Results: Patients with moderate or severe AP after induction had reduced odds of achieving 1-year CR and PRO2 remission compared with those with mild AP (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] for CR 0.31, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.17-0.57, p = 0.0002). Similarly, patients with moderately to severely elevated SF after induction had reduced odds of 1-year CR and PRO2 remission compared with patients with less SF [aOR for CR 0.31, 95% CI 0.16-0.58, p = 0.0003]. No significant differences were found when comparing higher Weeks 6 or 14 PRO scores of AP and/or SF with lower PRO scores in the odds of achieving 1-year ER.

Conclusions: Post-induction PROs of AP and SF strongly predict likelihood of 1-year CR but are not associated with 1-year ER. Clinical symptoms alone should not be relied upon when assessing response to therapies for CD.

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