- Fecal Incontinence
|Results of the Seventh Scientific Workshop of ECCO: Precision Medicine in IBD-What, Why, and How
J Crohns Colitis. 2021 Sep 25;15(9):1410-1430. doi: 10.1093/ecco-jcc/jjab051.
Claudio Fiocchi 1, Gabriele Dragoni 2 3, Dimitrios Iliopoulos 4, Konstantinos Katsanos 5, Vicent Hernandez Ramirez 6, Kohei Suzuki 7, Scientific Workshop Steering Committee
Bram Verstockt, Claudio Fiocchi, Joana Torres, Michael Scharl
Many diseases that affect modern humans fall in the category of complex diseases, thus called because they result from a combination of multiple aetiological and pathogenic factors. Regardless of the organ or system affected, complex diseases present major challenges in diagnosis, classification, and management. Current forms of therapy are usually applied in an indiscriminate fashion based on clinical information, but even the most advanced drugs only benefit a limited number of patients and to a variable and unpredictable degree. This 'one measure does not fit all' situation has spurred the notion that therapy for complex disease should be tailored to individual patients or groups of patients, giving rise to the notion of 'precision medicine' [PM]. Inflammatory bowel disease [IBD] is a prototypical complex disease where the need for PM has become increasingly clear. This prompted the European Crohn's and Colitis Organisation to focus the Seventh Scientific Workshop on this emerging theme. The articles in this special issue of the Journal address the various complementary aspects of PM in IBD, including what PM is; why it is needed and how it can be used; how PM can contribute to prediction and prevention of IBD; how IBD PM can aid in prognosis and improve response to therapy; and the challenges and future directions of PM in IBD. This first article of this series is structured on three simple concepts [what, why, and how] and addresses the definition of PM, discusses the rationale for the need of PM in IBD, and outlines the methodology required to implement PM in IBD in a correct and clinically meaningful way.