Abstract

Ileal pouch-anal anastomosis in the elderly: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Colorectal Dis. 2021 Aug;23(8):2062-2074. doi: 10.1111/codi.15665.Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Karina E Pedersen 1 2, Xue Jia 3, Stefan D Holubar 2, Scott R Steele 2, Amy L Lightner 2

 
     

Author information

  • 1College of Medicine, Northeast Ohio Medical University, Rootstown, OH, USA.
  • 2Department of Colorectal Surgery, Digestive Disease Surgical Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA.
  • 3Department of Qualitative Health Science, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA.

Abstract

Aim: Despite good overall outcomes in most patients undergoing ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA), there is still hesitation about performing an IPAA in older patients due to the comorbidity burden and concern about incontinence. The aim of this work was to identify short- and long-term outcomes in older patinets undergoing IPAA to determine the perioperative safety and long-term functional success of IPAA in older patients.

Method: A literature search was performed for all publications on IPAA in adults aged ≥50 years that reported short- and long-term outcomes. Data extraction included demographics, 30-day outcomes, long-term functional outcomes and pouch failure. Data were further separated by age group (50-65 and ≥65 years). Outcomes were compared between age groups. Study quality and risk of bias was assessed using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale.

Results: Of 1053 publications reviewed, 13 full papers were included in the analysis. The overall 30-day morbidity and mortality rates were 47.3% and 1.3%, respectively. Thirty-day postoperative rates of small bowel obstruction and pelvic sepsis were 7.6% and 9.9%, respectively. After a median follow-up time of 62 months, rates of pouchitis, incontinence and pouch failure were 13.9%, 17.5% and 7.5%, respectively. There was no statically significant difference in rates of short- or long-term functional outcomes based on age 50-65 versus ≥65 years.

Conclusion: Increasing age did not increase the rate of short- or long-term outcomes, including pouch failure. These data suggest that the decision for IPAA construction should not be based on age alone.

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