- Fecal Incontinence
|Female reproductive health and inflammatory bowel disease: A practice-based review
Dig Liver Dis. 2021 Jun 10;S1590-8658(21)00271-1. doi: 10.1016/j.dld.2021.05.020.Online ahead of print.
Alessandro Armuzzi 1, Aurora Bortoli 2, Fabiana Castiglione 3, Antonella Contaldo 4, Marco Daperno 5, Renata D'Incà 6, Nunzia Labarile 7, Silvia Mazzuoli 8, Sara Onali 9, Monica Milla 10, Ambrogio Orlando 11, Mariabeatrice Principi 12, Daniela Pugliese 1, Sara Renna 11, Fernando Rizzello 13, Maria Lia Scribano 14, Alessia Todeschini 4, Italian Group for the Study of Inflammatory Bowel Disease Working Group
Inflammatory bowel diseases, namely ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, occur worldwide and affect people of all ages, with a high impact on their quality of life. Sex differences in incidence and prevalence have been reported, and there are also gender-specific issues that physicians should recognize. For women, there are multiple, important concerns regarding issues of body image and sexuality, menstruation, contraception, fertility, pregnancy, breastfeeding and menopause. This practice-based review focuses on the main themes that run through the life of women with inflammatory bowel diseases from puberty to menopause. Gastroenterologists who specialize in inflammatory bowel diseases and other physicians who see female patients with inflammatory bowel diseases should provide support for these problems and offer adequate therapy to ensure that their patients achieve the same overall well-being and health as do women without inflammatory bowel diseases.