- Fecal Incontinence
|International consensus on methodological issues in standardization of fecal calprotectin measurement in inflammatory bowel diseases
United European Gastroenterol J. 2021 May 7. doi: 10.1002/ueg2.12069. Online ahead of print.
Ferdinando D'Amico 1 2, David T Rubin 3, Paulo Gustavo Kotze 4, Fernando Magro 5, Britta Siegmund 6, Taku Kobayashi 7, Pablo A Olivera 8, Peter Bossuyt 9, Lieven Pouillon 9, Edouard Louis 10, Eugeni Domènech 11 12 13, Subrata Ghosh 14, Silvio Danese 1 15, Laurent Peyrin-Biroulet 2
Background: Fecal calprotectin (FC) is a non-invasive marker of gut inflammation which is frequently used to guide therapeutic decisions in patients with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). Each step of FC measurement can influence the results, leading to misinterpretations and potentially impacting the management of IBD patients. To date, there is high heterogeneity between FC measurements and no current method is universally accepted as a standard.
Aims: Our aim was to provide clear position statementsabout the pre-analytical and the analytical phases of FC measurement to homogenize FC levels and to minimize variability and risk of misinterpretation through aninternational consensus.
Materials & methods: Fourteen physicians with expertise in the field of IBD and FC from 11 countries attended a virtual international consensus meeting on July 17th, 2020. A systematic literature was conducted and the literature evidence was shared and discussedamong the participants. Statements were formulated, discussed, and voted. Statements were considered approved if all participants agreed.
Results: Nine statements were formulated and approved. Based on the available evidence, quantitative tests should be preferred for measuring FC. Furthermore, FC measurement, if possible, should always be performed with the same method and factors influencing FC levels should be taken into account when interpreting the results.
Discussion: FC has an increasingly important role in the management of patients with IBD. However, large multicenter studies should be conducted to define the reproducibility and to confirm the diagnostic accuracy of the available FC tests.
Conclusion: FC concentrations guide clinicians' treatment decisions. Our statements have a relevant impact in daily practice and could be applied in clinical trials to standardize FC measurement.