Abstract

Screening for TB in Hospitalised Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease before Anti-TNF Therapy: Is QuantiFERON ® Gold Testing Useful?

J Clin Med. 2021 Apr 21;10(9):1816. doi: 10.3390/jcm10091816.

Jessica Lovatt 1, Deborah Gascoyne-Binzi 2, Thomas Hussey 3, Maya Garside 1, Fiona McGill 4 5, Christian P Selinger 1 6

 
     

Author information

  • 1Gastroenterology, Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Leeds LS1 3EX, UK.
  • 2Laboratory Sciences, Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Leeds LS1 3EX, UK.
  • 3Anaesthetics, Bradford Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Bradford BD9 6RJ, UK.
  • 4Infectious Diseases, Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Leeds LS1 3EX, UK.
  • 5Medical Microbiology, Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Leeds LS1 3EX, UK.
  • 6Leeds Institute of Medical Research at St James's, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK.

Abstract

Background-Tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and in immunity to Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Patients should be tested for latent tuberculosis infection using interferon-gamma release assays (IGRA/QF) prior to anti-TNFα therapy. Indeterminate QF results can delay anti-TNFα therapy. We sought to investigate factors associated with indeterminate QF results. Method-Retrospective study of all IGRA tests requested for gastroenterology patients in 2017. We compared inpatients and outpatients and investigated factors potentially associated with QF usefulness (steroid exposure, C-reactive protein (CRP), hypoalbuminaemia, thrombophilia). Results-We included 286 outpatients and 74 inpatients with IBD. Significantly more inpatients had an indeterminate IGRA (52.7% vs. 3.14% in outpatients; p < 0.0001). Laboratory parameters reflecting inflammation (high CRP, low albumin, low haemoglobin and high platelets) were also associated with an indeterminate QF (p < 0.0001). Exposure to steroids was more common in patients with an indeterminate QF (p < 0.0001). A binary logistic regression analysis revealed inpatient status and steroid exposure to be independently predictive of an indeterminate QF (p < 0.0001). Conclusion-There is a high chance of indeterminate QF results in inpatients. QF testing should ideally be performed in the outpatient setting at diagnosis.

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