- Fecal Incontinence
|Newly Diagnosed Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease: The Relationship Between Perceived Psychological Support, Health-Related Quality of Life, and Disease Activity
Health Equity. 2021 Feb 2;5(1):42-48. doi: 10.1089/heq.2020.0053. eCollection 2021.
Kristy Engel 1, Maher Homsi 2, Rie Suzuki 1, Karla Helvie 3, Jeremy Adler 4, Caitlyn Plonka 3, Ellen Zimmermann 2 3
Background: Newly diagnosed patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) encounter many physical, mental, and social uncertainties. In other chronic diseases, patients having access to disease-specific information and psychological support adhere better to medical regimens. Currently, there is a paucity of data on how newly diagnosed patients with IBD interact with their medical providers. Methods: Patients diagnosed with IBD within 5 years completed a series of questionnaires related to heath-related quality of life (HRQoL), disease activity, health education resources, medical provider relationship, and psychological support. Results: A total of 89 patients were included in the study. IBD activity correlated with disease-specific quality of life (r=-0.69, p<0.0001). Patient satisfaction with gastroenterologist interaction correlated with HRQoL (r=0.33, p=0.04) and disease activity for Crohn's disease (CD) patients (Harvey Bradshaw Index, r=-0.52, p<0.001). Eleven percent of recently diagnosed patients reported receiving educational or psychological support as part of their treatment program, whereas 42% of patients believed that they would benefit from having these types of support incorporated in their treatment protocol. Discussion: In patients with newly diagnosed CD, the patients' perceived relationship with their medical provider was closely related to both HRQoL and disease activity. More attention to education, support, and the doctor-patient relationship at diagnosis could result in better patient outcomes.