Rheumatologic and extraintestinal manifestations of inflammatory bowel diseases

Colìa R1, Corrado A1, Cantatore FP1. Ann Med. 2016 Jun 16:1-9. [Epub ahead of print]
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1a Rheumatology Clinic, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences , University of Foggia , Foggia , Italy.


Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) often present as a complex inflammatory process wherein colon lesions (ulcerative colitis, UC) or widespread ulceration and fissure (Crohn's disease, CD) might be accompanied by ancillary extraintestinal manifestations (EIMs) that could involve almost every organ system, but also by autoimmune disorders ranging from psoriasis and rheumatoid arthritis to connective tissue diseases. Certain EIMs are more common related to the activity of the IBD (joint, skin, ocular and oral manifestations), other EIMs typically run a course independent of the IBD activity (hepatobiliary disorders) and some are non-specific disorders (osteoporosis and amyloidosis). This paper reviews the most common extraintestinal and rheumatologic manifestations of UC and CD. They may produce greater morbidity than the underlying intestinal disease and may even be the initial presenting symptoms of the IBD. Thus, early recognition of these manifestations should help guide therapy that will reduce overall morbidity in affected patients. Key Messages A complete review on the most common extraintestinal and rheumatologic manifestations of ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease.

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