Abstract

The Science, Evidence and Practice of Dietary Interventions in Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Lacy BE1. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2015 Mar 10. pii: S1542-3565(15)00248-7. doi: 10.1016/j.cgh.2015.02.043. [Epub ahead of print]
 
     
Author information

1Division of Gastroenterology & Hepatology, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon NH.

Abstract

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a highly prevalent disorder characterized by symptoms of abdominal pain, bloating, constipation and/or diarrhea. The diagnosis can be made using Rome III criteria or published guidelines after taking a thoughtful history, excluding warning signs and performing a careful physical examination. Limited testing (i.e., CBC and CRP) may be useful in appropriate patients. A number of pharmacologic options are available, although many patients fail to respond to pharmacologic therapy. Although several IBS diets are frequently recommended, data supporting their use is limited. This monograph will provide a rationale as to why specific diets might improve IBS symptoms and then evaluate published trials.

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