Abstract

Sex-Related Differences in Patients With Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Results of 2 Prospective Cohort Studies

Severs M1, Spekhorst LM2,3, Mangen MJ4, Dijkstra G2, Löwenberg M5, Hoentjen F6, van der Meulen-de Jong AE7, Pierik M8, Ponsioen CY5, Bouma G9, van der Woude JC10, van der Valk ME1, Romberg-Camps MJL11, Clemens CHM12, van de Meeberg P13, Mahmmod N14, Jansen J15, Jharap B16, Weersma RK2, Oldenburg B1, Festen EAM1,2, Fidder HH1. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2018 Apr 21. doi: 10.1093/ibd/izy004. [Epub ahead of print]
 
     

Author information

1 Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University Medical Center, Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

2 Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University of Groningen and University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.

3 Department of Genetics, University of Groningen and University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.

4 Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Center, Utrecht, Utrecht, the Netherlands.

5 Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Amsterdam Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

6 Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University Medical Center St. Radboud, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

7 Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands.

8 Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University Medical Center Maastricht, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

9 Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

10 Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

11 Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (Co-MIK), Zuyderland Medical Center, Sittard-Geleen, The Netherlands.

12 Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Diaconessenhuis, Leiden, The Netherlands.

13 Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Slingeland Hospital, Doetinchem, The Netherlands.

14 Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Antonius Hospital, Nieuwegein, The Netherlands.

15 Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Onze Lieve Vrouwe Gasthuis, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

16 Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Meander Medical Center, Amersfoort, The Netherlands.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The understanding of gender differences in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients is an important step towards tailored treatment for the individual patient. The aim of this study was to compare disease phenotype, clinical manifestations, disease activity, and healthcare utilization between men and women with Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC).

METHODS: Two multicenter observational cohort studies with a prospective design were used to explore the differences between men and women regarding demographic and phenotypic characteristics and healthcare utilization. Detailed data on IBD-phenotype was mainly available from the Dutch IBD Biobank, while the COIN cohort provided healthcare utilization data.

RESULTS: In the Dutch IBD Biobank study, 2118 CD patients and 1269 UC patients were analyzed. Female CD patients were more often current smokers, and male UC patients were more often previous smokers. Early onset CD (<16 years) was more frequently encountered in males than in females (20% versus 12%, P < 0.01). Male CD patients were more often diagnosed with ileal disease (28% versus 20%, P < 0.01) and underwent more often small bowel and ileocecal resection. Extraintestinal manifestations (EIMs) were more often encountered in female IBD patients. In the COIN study, 1139 CD patients and 1213 UC patients were analyzed. Male CD patients used prednisone more often and suffered more often from osteopenia. IBD-specific healthcare costs did not differ between male and female IBD patients.

CONCLUSIONS: Sex differences in patients with IBD include age of onset, disease location, and EIM prevalence. No large differences in therapeutic management of IBD were observed between men and women with IBD.

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